UGC – NET, Career in Academics

The National Eligibility Test commonly called as UGC-NET is a entrance exam conducted two times every year. Around 10L student are appearing in both Assistant professor and JRF program. Yes the exam is to become assistance professor and JRF – Junior research fellowship program which is very rewarding career in academics.


  • UGC : University grant commission.

  • NET : National Eligibility test

  • NTA : National testing agency

  • JRF : Junior research fellowship

The test is conducted by NTA two times in a year around in the month of June and December. Around 20 Lakhs of student in total appear in this exam. Earlier this examination was conducted by CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education).

Format of Exam : There are two paper in this exam. Paper 1 is common for all candidate. The Paper 2 is based on the subject opted for as a specialization. Both the paper are of 150 marks. The Main objective of this examination is to maintain a standard in education field for better quality of education. To access the competency of candidate a efficient, transparent and high standard test is required, hence the UGC – NET is in existence.

There are requirement of improvements in system, curriculum, way of delivery of education courses, student acceptability and teacher’s understanding. For this to undertake the research on education ,professional and testing system to check and spot area of improvements candidates are selected through UGC NET.


After the research the firm action plan in form of product ,of knowledge is to be given to universities ,may post graduates also work on this after UGC-NET clearance .

ELIGIBILITY : All the students who have master’s degree with 55% marks or more can appear in exams .There is no age limit for Assistant Profession . however for JRF there should be less than 30 years of age .For the tests which is getting conducted in December ,filling of the form starts in September .The fees are allows 800 Rs ,which may change time to time .During the online form filling you may select the subject the and exam center of your choice .


SUBJECT AS A OPTION : Candidates who have masters degrees in subjects pertaining to humanities [including languages] social science ,computer science and applications ,electronics science can only take this exam .The below are the subjects which are available for paper 2. options .


  • Economics

  • Political science

  • Sociology

  • Defence and Strategic study

  • Home Science

  • Public Admin

  • Hindustani Music

  • Education

  • Maithil

  • Commerce


  • Arabic

  • English

  • Bengali

  • Anthropology

  • Social Work

  • Urdu

  • Telugu

  • Philosophy

  • Psychology

  • Telugu


  • History

  • Management

  • Malyalam

  • Odia

  • Punjabi

  • Sanskrit

  • Tamil

  • Linguistics

  • Hindi

  • Kannada


TIPS FOR UGC-NET : The first important things to know that what is the format of exam. To start the preparation please study the pattern of question. List out the section of questions and number of question against each. After this you should priorities the topic in which you need to focus more. Mark easy, OK and difficult and distribute your preparation time according so that you can become confident . Discipline and dedicated efforts are the key to success in UGC-NET.

Final selection: Candidates must score 40 % of marks in agree get for shortlisting .Based on certain pre decided factors like number of students and open position cut off levels are decided .Candidate should also score cut off marks for final shortlisting .This cut off level is also derived based on the difficulty of the exam . The following is the brief syllabus of the exam. You should always take update from the website of UGC – NET.

I. Teaching Aptitude

  • Teaching : Nature, objectives, characteristics and basic requirements;

  • Learner’s characteristics;

  • Factors affecting teaching;

  • Methods of teaching;

  • Teaching aids;

  • Evaluation systems.

II. Research Aptitude

  • Research: Meaning, characteristics and types;

  • Steps of research

  • Methods of research;

  • Research Ethics;

  • Paper, article, workshop, seminar, conference and symposium

  • Thesis writing: its characteristics and format.

III. Reading Comprehension

  • A passage to be set with questions to be answered.

IV. Communication

  • Communication Nature, characteristics, types, barriers and effective classroom communication.

V. Reasoning (Including Mathematical)

  • Number series; letter series; codes;

  • Relationships; classification.

VI. Logical Reasoning

  • Understanding the structure of arguments;

  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning;

  • Verbal analogies: Word analogy — Applied analogy;

  • Verbal classification;

  • Reasoning Logical Diagrams: Simple diagrammatic relationship, multi-diagrammatic relationship;

  • Venn diagram; Analytical Reasoning.

VII. Data Interpretation

  • Sources, acquisition and interpretation of data;

  • Quantitative and qualitative data;

  • Graphical representation and mapping of data.

VIII. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

  • ICT : meaning, advantages, disadvantages and uses;

  • General abbreviations and terminology;

  • Basics of internet and e-mailing.

IX. People and Environment

  • People and environment interaction;

  • Sources of pollution;

  • Pollutants and their impact on human life, exploitation of natural and energy resources;

  • Natural hazards and mitigation

X. Higher Education System: Governance, Polity and Administration

  • Structure of the institutions for higher learning and research in India: formal and distance education professional/technical and general education; value education: governance, polity and administration; concept, institutions and their interactions.

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